Consequences of deficit / surplus
A current account deficit, or surplus, will have serious consequences on an economy if they are sustained in the long-run.
Current account deficit
A current account deficit is generally thought to be undesirable (particularly in the long-run). In a sense, it is advantageous as the deficit means that the country is enjoying a higher standard of living in the short-term. This is thanks to the higher level of consumption through imports. However, the deficit is being funded by inflows of investment and this will mean interest and dividend payments flowing out of the country in the future. This inward investment also leaves the country more exposed to the whims of external investors. The greater the deficit, and the longer it lasts, the more of an issue this will be.
So, consider the question, "Does a deficit on a country's balance of payments on current account represent an economic problem?" Note down some points and then follow the link below to compare your answer with ours.
Current account surplus
A current account surplus is less of an issue than a deficit, but it does mean that the country may not be enjoying as high a standard of living as it might. Therefore, a current account surplus may be seen as an indication of under-performance.
A current account surplus, under a floating exchange rate system, is likely to exert upward pressure on the exchange rate, with all the problems, which that may cause.