Legal employment rights
The Impact on firms of legal employment rights
Employment rights vary significantly from region to region and country to country. In an IB context it is difficult to be specific about what rules should, or do apply. In some countries, the state itself supports, or promotes, quotas on the ethnic or religious backgrounds of owners and senior managers of businesses, discriminating in favour of certain groups over others. In other countries employment rights are flouted, but the government turns a 'blind eye'.
It would not be correct to say that developed countries always get it right; there are plenty of examples of major firms facing accusations of discrimination and abuses of human rights. Nonetheless, it is true to say that legal protection of employers rights are more extensive in developed economies and employees have greater access to employment protection.
If a country is a member of a trading bloc, it may be subject to the laws and regulations imposed by that bloc. The European Union, for instance, has extensive European wide legislation to which member states must comply. These laws are applied through the use of 'Directives' which direct national governments to change domestic laws to meet new European requirements. All firms operating within the EU are then subject to the same legal framework.
More information can be found on the EU Europa site: Europe: Employment and Social Policy