In the diagram below, drag the labels in to build Maslow's hierarchy. Once you have done that, you may like to try the questions below.
How would you define the first level of needs in Maslow's hierarchy - physiological needs?
Physiological needs are defined in Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/) as:
"The first need for the body is to achieve homeostasis. This is obtained through the consumption of food, drink and air, achieving adequate sleep, and a comfortable temperature etc. When some needs are unmet, a human's physiological needs take the highest priority. For instance, if one simultaneously experiences the desire for love and the hunger for food, a human is more likely to seek to satisfy the latter need first. As a result of the prepotency of physiological needs, an individual will deprioritize all other desires and capacities."
In other words, the basic needs of life.
How would you define the second level of needs in Maslow's hierarchy - safety needs?
Safety needs are defined in Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/) as:
"When the physiological needs are met, the need for safety will emerge. Safety or security ranks above all other desires; a properly-functioning society tends to provide security to its members. Recent examples of failure in this area include the cases of societal breakdown in Somalia and Afghanistan. Sometimes the desire for safety outweighs the requirement to satisfy physiological needs; for example, during the Kosovo War many residents of Kosovo chose to occupy a secure area rather than an insecure area, even though the latter provided better access to food."
How would you define the third level of needs in Maslow's hierarchy - love/belonging needs?
Love/belonging needs are defined by Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/) as:
"Once a person's physiological and safety needs are largely met, the third layer of human needs starts to become apparent. This involves emotionally-based relationships in general, which includes the perceived need for companionship (both sexual and non-sexual) and/or having a family. There is the sense of community or affiliation; in other words, humans want to belong to groups, whether it be clubs, work groups, religious groups, family, gangs, etc. They need to feel loved (sexually and non-sexually) by others, and to be accepted by them. People also need to feel needed. In the absence of these elements, people become increasingly susceptible to loneliness and social anxieties."
How would you define the highest level of needs in Maslow's hierarchy - self-actualisation?
Self-actualisation needs are defined by Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/) as:
"Self-actualization (a term originated by Kurt Goldstein) is the instinctual need of a human to make the most of their unique abilities. Maslow described it as follows:
A musician must make music, the artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. This need we may call self-actualisation. (Motivation and Personality, 1954.)"
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