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Table of Contents

  1. Topic pack - Development economics - introduction
  2. 4.1 Economic development (notes)
  3. 4.1 Economic development (questions)
  4. 4.2 Measuring Economic Development (notes)
  5. 4.2 Measuring development (questions)
  6. 4.3 The role of domestic factors in economic development (notes)
    1. Domestic factors - introduction
    2. An introduction to Tanzania
    3. Education
    4. Primary, secondary or tertiary education?
    5. A dependent population
    6. Tanzanian database
    7. Exploring education in Tanzania - data
    8. Exploring education in Tanzania - Maua and Namyani (video)
    9. Exploring education in Tanzania - lost dreams
    10. Exploring education in Tanzania - reflection
    11. Exploring health in Tanzania - data
    12. Exploring health in Tanzania - videos
    13. Exploring health in Tanzania - living with HIV
    14. Exploring health in Tanzania - reflection
    15. Use of appropriate technology
    16. Technology - sawdust stoves and clean water (videos)
    17. Technology - building good roads
    18. Use of appropriate technology - reflection
    19. Access to credit and micro credit
    20. Microcredit in the community (videos)
    21. Microcredit in the news
    22. Microcredit - reflection
    23. The origins of microcredit
    24. What are the pros and cons of microcredit?
    25. Empowerment of women
    26. Issues relating to empowerment of women (video)
    27. Empowerment - in the news
    28. Empowerment - reflection
    29. Income distribution
    30. Lorenz curve and Gini Coefficient
    31. Income distribution - Tanzania
    32. Income distribution - case studies
    33. Income distribution - reflection
    34. Building a development database (part 7)
  7. 4.3 The role of domestic factors in economic development (questions)
  8. 4.4 The role of international trade (notes)
  9. 4.4 The role of international trade (questions)
  10. 4.5 The role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (notes)
  11. 4.5 The role of foreign direct investment (questions)
  12. 4.6 The role of foreign aid and multilaterial development assistance (notes)
  13. 4.6 The role of foreign aid and multilateral development assistance (questions)
  14. 4.7 The role of international debt (notes)
  15. 4.7 The role of international debt (questions)
  16. 4.8 The balance between markets and intervention (notes)
  17. 4.8 The balance between markets and intervention (questions)
  18. Print View

Use of appropriate technology

Improving the quality and quantity of capital resources available to the labour force will improve its productivity and lead to economic growth and development. One of the big question facing many less developed countries relates to the types of capital that are going to have the largest impact on the productivity of the labour force. We have seen in early sections that low levels of education will limit the extent to which labour can utilise capital to raise productivity.

Investment in capital is expensive and the costs of maintaining and servicing equally so. It is argued by some development economists that given the large labour force, and high rates of unemployment, that using capital intensive production methods, is not the most cost efficient solution to low economic growth and can worsen the levels of poverty.

What then are appropriate technologies?

In 1983, the OECD defined the term 'appropriate technology' as being characterized by:


A useful background to appropriate technology can be found in Wikipedia. You can do this in the web window below, or follow the previous link to open the article in a new web window.