Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
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Additional IP protections
Firms and/or individuals may also protect their IP in other ways, such as drawing up a confidentiality or non-disclosure agreements (NDA). A firm may need to discuss its invention with other people including lawyers, consultants, potential investors or consultants before applying for patent, so it is important that the details of the invention are not disclosed to others by those individuals or firms.
It is also possible for a firm to use technological measures to prevent illegal uses of its copyright material, such as encryption or copy protection. If a firm uses such additional protections, it has the right to take legal action against a person or firm, which gets round the measures or makes, sells or deals in devices specifically designed to get round the technical measures.