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The economic environment - introduction

We have already seen that businesses do not operate in a vacuum. They are affected by a range of external factors; with one of the key external factors being the economy. With increasingly global markets, even local firms will now be affected by both the national and international economy. Inflation, unemployment, exchange rates, interest rates and economic growth are all issues that will affect all aspects of business activity.

Changes in government economic policy can have wide-ranging effects on the demand for business products and therefore marketing approaches. Government policy may affect the cost of business inputs - labour, raw materials and capital. As a result, any business that does not keep a careful eye on the external economic environment is vulnerable to reduced sales and profits.